Jobs & Careers for an Information & Computer Science Degree
Published on: July 26, 2023
The number of information technology and computer science jobs is expected to grow by 15 percent by 2031, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). Many of the jobs in computer science already pay six figures, and salaries are only expected to increase. That’s because people who embark on careers such as information security, data management, and artificial intelligence can anticipate more than 400,000 job openings annually. Few fields provide the security and promise of computer and information science jobs.
Potential Information and Computer Science Career Paths
Growing reliance on digital information and technology has resulted in a significant shortage of qualified professionals. The need for software developers, quality assurance analysts, and testers is expected to rise by 25 percent through 2031 (from BLS). As information technology and its business applications evolve, the types of jobs in computer science are likely to expand. Armed with an information and computer science degree, graduates enter one of the most diverse and exciting professional landscapes.
Computer Science Career Opportunities
As a member of the computer science sector, your work will have a substantial impact on the growth and success of organizations. The following jobs in computer science offer many a sense of success and satisfaction.
1. Computer Engineer
A computer engineer combines electrical engineering and computer science principles to design and develop computer hardware and software systems. They have expertise in both the hardware and software aspects of computers, enabling them to work on various stages of the computer system’s lifecycle, including research, design, development, testing and implementation. Computer engineers design processors, circuit boards, and other hardware components, develop software applications and algorithms, integrate hardware and software systems, design computer networks, work on embedded systems and engage in research and development activities.
2. Data Scientist
A data scientist uses their expertise in statistics, mathematics and computer science to analyze and interpret complex data sets, uncover patterns, and derive meaningful insights. They employ various techniques, such as data mining, statistical modeling, machine learning and predictive analytics, to extract valuable information from large and diverse datasets. They work with programming languages like Python or R to clean and preprocess data, build and train machine learning models, and develop algorithms to solve specific problems or make predictions. Data scientists play a vital role in guiding data-driven decision-making, developing innovative solutions and optimizing processes across industries.
3. QA/Test Engineer
A quality assurance test engineer is responsible for identifying anomalies and resolving glitches in information systems. A QA test engineer is usually responsible for reviewing design specifications and providing feedback. These computer science jobs also call for detailed test plans and case results. People who work in this problem-solving computer science role typically collaborate with colleagues in cybersecurity software development, among others.
4. Database Administrator
These types of jobs in computer science task professionals with the management, cybersecurity, and maintenance of business systems. People in this growing occupation work closely with software developers, data management colleagues, and IT teams to ensure databases function at a high level. A database administrator may also oversee the strategic backup of an organization’s sensitive and valuable digital assets.
Computer Programming-Specific Careers
Graduates who choose a career in computer programming-based occupations effectively make cutting-edge technology a reality. Computer programmers write, alter and evaluate scripts and codes that make software work correctly. Duties typically include using a programming language in creative ways, updating existing applications as well as testing them for anomalies and errors. People who select these computer science jobs can also anticipate employing programming language to assist software design innovators in creating new products. These are niche jobs in computer programming that are in demand.
5. Software Developer/Software Engineer
Software developers employ programming language to construct software and applications for the public, as well as specialized industries. Also referred to as software engineers, professionals generally meet with clients with software needs. After determining the scope and function of a proposed product, the engineer builds, tests and provides the software to the client. The position requires excellent problem-solving skills and computer science knowledge.
6. Webmaster/Web Developer
Taking a position as a webmaster ranks among the most exciting and challenging jobs in computer science. People on this career path are typically responsible for handling all the moving parts of an organization’s website holdings. This includes the design, development and maintenance, as well as aligning the platforms with company goals and branding. It’s not unusual for webmasters to perform web developer tasks, such as writing code. But the former tends to involve more active leadership, largely because a webmaster is the point person for online endeavors.
7. Computer Programmer
The role a computer programmer plays is vital to the seamless use of computers and our digitally reliant economy. This growing field needs new talent to maintain mobile devices, troubleshoot systems and debug networks. A computer programmer ensures that software and mobile applications run smoothly so businesses and customers can interact. Those who embrace this growing career opportunity will also be tasked with identifying faults and rewriting code for a wide range of operating systems.
8. Systems Architect
Charged with configuring, planning, operating, and maintaining an organization’s network, systems architects play a vital role in terms of goal achievement. These professionals require creative and analytical problem-solving skills and a deep understanding of information technology. Depending on their level of education and experience, a systems architect could be involved in decisions that range from software and hardware advice to providing long-term IT strategies.
9. Mobile App Developer
A mobile app developer specializes in designing and creating applications specifically for mobile devices, such as smartphones and tablets. They are skilled in mobile app development frameworks, programming languages and software development tools and work on both the front- and back-end aspects of app development, ensuring the functionality, usability and performance of the app. Mobile app developers also conduct testing and debugging to identify and fix any issues, optimize app performance and ensure compatibility across different mobile platforms, such as iOS and Android. They are also often involved in app deployment to app stores and ongoing maintenance and updates.
Jobs in Information Systems and Technology
Ranked among the fastest-growing sectors, information systems and technology occupations enjoy a high growth ceiling. With job openings expected to far exceed many other industries, getting a degree in Information Systems or an advanced graduate degree position graduates for exciting opportunities.
10. Computer and Information Systems Manager
Working as a computer and information systems manager allows you to play a pivotal role in directing the digital activities of an organization. People in these leadership roles routinely call the shots when it comes to a company’s computing needs, onboarding IT personnel and training support technicians. Management responsibilities also involve crafting technology budgets and advising company leaders about critical next steps.
11. IT Project Manager
IT project managers are responsible for planning, executing and monitoring IT projects and initiatives from start to finish within an organization. They collaborate with stakeholders to define a project’s objectives, scope and requirements while factoring in things like budget, timeline and resource allocation. As an IT project manager, graduates may lead risk management assessments, engage in software development, analyze salient metrics and coordinate activities to ensure efficient project execution.
12. Information Security Analyst
As an information security analyst, professionals can anticipate planning, implementing and maintaining cybersecurity defenses. This may entail running risk management assessments to identify network vulnerabilities and advising decision-makers about mitigation strategies. Information security continues to be a fast-growing occupation and companies are eager to hire qualified people.
13. Cybersecurity Analyst
A cybersecurity analyst specializes in detecting and deterring hackers from infiltrating a system and stealing an organization’s digital assets. An analyst works diligently to stay abreast of the latest hacking schemes and malware to protect sensitive and valuable digital assets. By reconfiguring networks, utilizing technology and closing system gaps, a cybersecurity analyst is part of a company’s front line of defense.
14. IP Technology Specialist
An intellectual property technology specialist participates in wide-reaching aspects of an industry dominated by litigation. People who pursue a career as an IP technology specialist are often involved in the patent process, but the majority conduct research and provide detailed reports and opinions regarding patent infringement.
Game Design Jobs
The global digital gaming industry topped $220 billion in 2022, and the entertainment sector shows no signs of slowing. Graduates who enter this exciting and creative field serve a gaming community of more than 2 billion people. These are among the most secure, good-paying positions in this international industry.
15. Video Game Developer
A video game developer brings together the concepts, themes and strategies of digital entertainment. They are responsible for designing, programming, and implementing various elements of a game, including gameplay mechanics, graphics, audio and user interfaces. Game developers work closely with a team of artists, designers and programmers to bring the game concept to life. This involves writing code to create color elements and game features, as well as testing the product for user-friendliness and stability. They use specialized software tools and programming languages to code and develop the game’s functionality, incorporating features like artificial intelligence, physics simulations and multiplayer capabilities. Taking a fun idea and making it a reality that people can enjoy globally can be immensely rewarding.
16. Game Designer
A video game designer brings a mix of technical knowledge and artistic creativity to the equation and is responsible for conceptualizing and designing the overall experience and mechanics of a video game. A designer imagines all the intricate details of the game, including the plot, characters and storyboard. The designer also employs programming language skills and writes the game’s code. They create game concepts, develop game rules and mechanics and design levels and puzzles that provide a challenging and enjoyable experience for players. Game designers also work on character development, narrative design and world-building to create immersive and captivating game universes. They conduct playtesting and gather feedback to refine and improve the game design, ensuring that it offers an optimal balance of challenge, entertainment and player satisfaction.
17. Game Producer
A game producer, also known as a game project manager or game development manager, oversees the production process of a video game. They play a crucial role in managing the development team, coordinating resources and ensuring the timely and successful delivery of the game. Game producers work with a team to establish a project’s goals, schedule and budget, and are responsible for setting project milestones and tracking progress. They often facilitate communication among team members and between teams to ensure everyone is on the same page and working toward the same vision. From initial planning to final release, game producers are vital in delivering high-quality games to the masses.
Other Career and Industry Opportunities
It’s important to keep in mind that earning a degree related to computer science and information technology has wide professional applications. We live and work in a digital age where sectors such as education, health care, government, military defense, finance and entertainment need experts. The following are examples of non-traditional positions.
18. Digital Animator
A digital animator specializes in creating animated visuals and graphics using digital tools and techniques. They use software applications and computer-generated imagery (CGI) to bring characters, objects and environments to life. Digital animators possess artistic and technical skills, combining their creativity with knowledge of animation principles, storytelling and visual effects. They may work with 2D or 3D animation, using tools like computer animation software, modeling software and digital drawing tablets. Digital animators collaborate closely with other members of a production team, such as directors, storyboard artists and sound designers, to ensure that the animation aligns with the project’s vision and requirements. They are skilled at creating smooth and realistic movements, expressions and interactions in their animations, paying attention to details such as lighting, shading, and textures. Digital animators play a vital role in the entertainment and media industries, with major companies like Disney and Pixar employing many digital animators.
19. UX Designer/ UX Researcher
A UX (user experience) designer/UX researcher focuses on understanding and enhancing the overall experience that users have when interacting with a product or service. They conduct user research, gathering insights into user behaviors, needs and preferences, then analyze this data to identify patterns, pain points and opportunities for improvement. They then use these insights to develop user personas, journeys and wireframes to guide the design process. UX designers/researchers are part of a multidisciplinary team that all work to ensure user-centered design principles are properly incorporated into their product’s development, resulting in a finished product that is not only visually appealing but also intuitive and enjoyable for the end user.
20. AI Engineer
An AI (Artificial Intelligence) engineer specializes in designing, developing and implementing artificial intelligence systems and technologies. They should possess a strong background in computer science, data analysis and machine learning algorithms to create intelligent systems that can perform tasks typically requiring human intelligence, such as natural language processing, computer vision, speech recognition and decision-making. They need knowledge of programming languages like Python as well as frameworks like TensorFlow to develop and train machine learning models, deep learning neural networks and algorithms that enable machines to learn from data and make intelligent predictions or decisions. AI engineers are at the forefront of advancing AI technology and developing intelligent systems that have a wide range of applications in various industries, including healthcare, finance, robotics and automation.
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At Park University, we provide educational resources for community members to enter rewarding careers. These are among the many opportunities waiting for you if you choose to study information technology and computer science at Park University. We also offer degree programs in information systems, as well as an MS in information systems and business analytics. Request more information from Park University today!